What is a Volley in Pickleball? A Comprehensive Guide

Pickleball is a rapidly growing sport that combines elements of tennis, badminton, and table tennis. As players become more invested in the game, it’s crucial to understand specific terms and techniques, such as the volley.

In this blog post, we will explore what a volley is in pickleball, how to execute one properly, and strategies for effective volleys. We’ll also discuss the non-volley zone (kitchen), drills to improve your volley skills, and advanced techniques involving volleys.


What is a Volley in Pickleball

Pickleball is a unique racquet sport played on a court with a net, using a perforated plastic ball and paddles. As the sport gains popularity, it’s essential to learn and understand the various techniques used in the game, including the volley. Mastering volleys can elevate your gameplay, making you a more formidable opponent on the court.

Definition of a Volley

A volley in pickleball is when a player strikes the ball out of the air, without allowing it to bounce first. This technique is common in other racquet sports like tennis and badminton, but has some unique aspects in pickleball due to the non-volley zone (kitchen) rule.

Executing a Proper Volley

To perform an effective volley in pickleball, consider the following factors:

Proper Stance and Body Positioning

When preparing for a volley, adopt an athletic stance with your knees slightly bent, feet shoulder-width apart, and weight on the balls of your feet. This stance allows for quick movements and adjustments as needed during the rally.

Grip and Paddle Angle for Effective Volleys

Hold the paddle with a firm, yet relaxed grip, similar to shaking someone’s hand. The paddle face should be perpendicular to the ground, with only slight adjustments made based on the desired shot trajectory.

Tips for Achieving Clean Contact with the Ball

Focus on hitting the ball with the center of the paddle face to ensure clean contact and optimal control. Avoid swinging too hard; instead, use a controlled, compact motion to direct the ball to your intended target.

Strategies for Effective Volleys

Incorporating volleys into your game can provide numerous strategic advantages:

Recognizing Opportunities for Volleys During Gameplay

Be prepared to execute a volley when your opponent hits a high, floating ball or when you’re close to the net and can quickly cut off their shot.

Offensive Volleys: Put-Away Shots and Overhead Smashes

Offensive volleys can be used to put pressure on your opponents by hitting powerful shots that force them out of position or end the rally. Examples include put-away volleys aimed at open court spaces and overhead smashes that challenge your opponents’ reflexes.

Defensive Volleys: Blocking and Counter-Attacking

Defensive volleys can help neutralize your opponents’ offensive shots by blocking or redirecting the ball. These volleys may involve quick reflexes to return a fast-paced shot or counter-attacking by placing the ball strategically to regain control of the rally.

The Non-Volley Zone (Kitchen) and Volleys

The non-volley zone, or kitchen, is a critical area on the pickleball court that impacts how players execute volleys.

Explanation of the Non-Volley Zone and Its Significance in Pickleball

The non-volley zone is a seven-foot-wide area extending from the net on both sides of the court. This zone prevents players from executing aggressive volleys close to the net, promoting longer rallies and strategic gameplay.

Prohibition of Volleys Within the Kitchen

Players are not allowed to hit a volley while standing within the non-volley zone. Doing so results in a fault, and the opposing team gains a point or the right to serve.

Common Faults Related to Volleys and the Non-Volley Zone

Faults can occur when a player volleys the ball while standing in the kitchen or steps into the non-volley zone after executing a volley. Be mindful of your positioning to avoid such faults during gameplay.

Drills to Improve Your Volley Skills

Practicing various drills can help enhance your volley technique and reflexes:

Solo Drills: Wall Practice and Drop-Volley Drills

  • Wall practice: Find a wall and hit volleys against it, focusing on control, paddle angle, and consistent contact with the ball.
  • Drop-volley drills: Drop the ball from your non-dominant hand and execute a volley, aiming for a specific target on the court.

Partner Drills: Rapid-Fire Volleys and Reflex Drills

  • Rapid-fire volleys: Stand across from your partner near the non-volley zone and take turns hitting volleys back and forth at a fast pace.
  • Reflex drills: Have your partner hit unpredictable shots toward you, requiring quick reflexes to return volleys.

Group Drills: Volley-to-Volley and King/Queen of the Court

  • Volley-to-volley: In a group setting, players form two lines facing each other and take turns hitting volleys back and forth.
  • King/queen of the court: Players compete in pairs, with the winning team staying on the court and challenging new opponents in fast-paced volley exchanges.

Integrating Volleys into Your Overall Game Strategy

To make the most of your volley skills, consider the following:

Assessing Your Strengths and Weaknesses

Evaluate your current skillset and identify areas where incorporating volleys could improve your game.

Adapting Your Game Plan to Include More Effective Volleys

Adjust your game plan to take advantage of your strengths, such as using volleys to pressure opponents or counter their aggressive shots.

Communication and Teamwork in Doubles Play

In doubles play, communicate with your partner about your intentions to volley and develop strategies that involve both of you effectively covering the court.

The Role of Volleys in Advanced Pickleball Techniques

Mastering volleys can open the door to more advanced pickleball techniques:

Advanced Volley Techniques: Punch Volleys, Roll Volleys, and Around-the-Post Shots

  • Punch volleys: A quick, compact stroke that generates power and depth on the volley.
  • Roll volleys: A topspin shot that adds extra control and makes it more difficult for opponents to return.
  • Around-the-post shots: A volley executed around the net post rather than over the net, often used when the ball is hit wide.

Incorporating Volleys into Offensive and Defensive Strategies

Use volleys strategically to maintain offensive pressure, defend against powerful shots, and exploit opponents’ weaknesses.

Learning from Professional Players and Analyzing Their Use of Volleys

Watch professional pickleball players and analyze how they incorporate volleys into their gameplay. Learn from their techniques to improve your own game.


Common Questions About Pickleball Improvement

Q: What is the most important factor in improving at pickleball?

A: Developing a sound technique and strategy is essential for success in pickleball. Spend time practicing various drills, refining your strokes, and mastering volleys to gain an edge on the court.

Q: How can I improve my volleys?

A: Practicing solo and partner drills, participating in group activities like King/Queen of the Court, and watching professional players are all great ways to improve your volley technique.


Understanding and mastering the volley in pickleball is crucial for well-rounded gameplay. By practicing proper technique, implementing effective strategies, and incorporating volleys into your overall game plan, you can elevate your performance on the court. Keep learning, refining your skills, and enjoying the exciting sport of pickleball!



About the author

John's love for pickleball began when his wife bought him a set for Christmas one year. He quickly became obsessed with the game, and now plays several times a week.

John loves nothing more than spending an afternoon on the court with friends, whacking balls back and forth.

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